PubMed 23663834

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1

Title: Impaired gating of an L-Type Ca(2+) channel carrying a mutation linked to malignant hyperthermia.

Authors: Roger A Bannister, Kurt G Beam

Journal, date & volume: Biophys. J., 2013 May 7 , 104, 1917-22

PubMed link:

Recently, we characterized the functional properties of a mutant skeletal muscle L-type Ca(2+) channel (CaV1.1 R174W) linked to the pharmacogenetic disorder malignant hyperthermia. Although the R174W mutation neutralizes the innermost basic amino acid in the voltage-sensing S4 helix of the first conserved membrane repeat of CaV1.1, the ability of the mutant channel to engage excitation-contraction coupling was largely unaffected by the introduction of the bulky tryptophan residue. In stark contrast, the mutation ablated the ability of CaV1.1 to produce L-type current under our standard recording conditions. In this study, we have investigated the mechanism of channel dysfunction more extensively. We found that CaV1.1 R174W will open and conduct Ca(2+) in response to strong or prolonged depolarizations in the presence of the 1,4-dihydropyridine receptor agonist ±Bay K 8644. From these results, we have concluded that the R174W mutation impedes entry into both mode 1(low Po) and mode 2 (high Po) gating states and that these gating impairments can be partially overcome by maneuvers that promote entry into mode 2.