Channelpedia

PubMed 23298414


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3



Title: Glia and epilepsy: excitability and inflammation.

Authors: Orrin Devinsky, Annamaria Vezzani, Souhel Najjar, Nihal C de Lanerolle, Michael A Rogawski

Journal, date & volume: Trends Neurosci., 2013 Mar , 36, 174-84

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23298414


Abstract
Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent spontaneous seizures due to hyperexcitability and hypersynchrony of brain neurons. Current theories of pathophysiology stress neuronal dysfunction and damage, and aberrant connections as relevant factors. Most antiepileptic drugs target neuronal mechanisms. However, nearly one-third of patients have seizures that are refractory to available medications; a deeper understanding of mechanisms may be required to conceive more effective therapies. Recent studies point to a significant contribution by non-neuronal cells, the glia--especially astrocytes and microglia--in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. This review critically evaluates the role of glia-induced hyperexcitability and inflammation in epilepsy.