Channelpedia

PubMed 23533657


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM7



Title: Regulation and function of TRPM7 in human endothelial cells: TRPM7 as a potential novel regulator of endothelial function.

Authors: Erika Baldoli, Sara Castiglioni, Jeanette A M Maier

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2013 , 8, e59891

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23533657


Abstract
TRPM7, a cation channel of the transient receptor potential channel family, has been identified as a ubiquitous magnesium transporter. We here show that TRPM7 is expressed in endothelial cells isolated from the umbilical vein (HUVEC), widely used as a model of macrovascular endothelium. Quiescence and senescence do not modulate TRPM7 amounts, whereas oxidative stress generated by the addition of hydrogen peroxide increases TRPM7 levels. Moreover, high extracellular magnesium decreases the levels of TRPM7 by activating calpains, while low extracellular magnesium, known to promote endothelial dysfunction, stimulates TRPM7 accumulation partly through the action of free radicals. Indeed, the antioxidant trolox prevents TRPM7 increase by low magnesium. We also demonstrate the unique behaviour of HUVEC in responding to pharmacological and genetic inhibition of TRPM7 with an increase of cell growth and migration. Our results indicate that TRPM7 modulates endothelial behavior and that any condition leading to TRPM7 upregulation might impair endothelial function.