Channelpedia

PubMed 23608222


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2



Title: Cephalic phase insulin secretion is KATP channel independent.

Authors: Yusuke Seino, Takashi Miki, Wakako Fujimoto, Eun Young Lee, Yoshihisa Takahashi, Kohtaro Minami, Yutaka Oiso, Susumu Seino

Journal, date & volume: J. Endocrinol., 2013 Jul , 218, 25-33

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23608222


Abstract
Glucose-induced insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells critically depends on the activity of ATP-sensitive K⁺ channels (KATP channel). We previously generated mice lacking Kir6.2, the pore subunit of the β-cell KATP channel (Kir6.2(-/-)), that show almost no insulin secretion in response to glucose in vitro. In this study, we compared insulin secretion by voluntary feeding (self-motivated, oral nutrient ingestion) and by forced feeding (intra-gastric nutrient injection via gavage) in wild-type (Kir6.2(+/+) and Kir6.2(-/-) mice. Under ad libitum feeding or during voluntary feeding of standard chow, blood glucose levels and plasma insulin levels were similar in Kir6.2(+/+) and Kir6.2(-/-) mice. By voluntary feeding of carbohydrate alone, insulin secretion was induced significantly in Kir6.2(-/-) mice but was markedly attenuated compared with that in Kir6.2(+/+) mice. On forced feeding of standard chow or carbohydrate alone, the insulin secretory response was markedly impaired or completely absent in Kir6.2(-/-) mice. Pretreatment with a muscarine receptor antagonist, atropine methyl nitrate, which does not cross the blood-brain barrier, almost completely blocked insulin secretion induced by voluntary feeding of standard chow or carbohydrate in Kir6.2(-/-) mice. Substantial glucose-induced insulin secretion was induced in the pancreas perfusion study of Kir6.2(-/-) mice only in the presence of carbamylcholine. These results suggest that a KATP channel-independent mechanism mediated by the vagal nerve plays a critical role in insulin secretion in response to nutrients in vivo.