Channelpedia

PubMed 23916728


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1



Title: Quercetin antagonism of GABAAρ1 receptors is prevented by ascorbic acid through a redox-independent mechanism.

Authors: Cecilia I Calero, Andrea N Beltrán González, Javier Gasulla, Silvia Alvarez, Pablo Evelson, Daniel J Calvo

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Pharmacol., 2013 Aug 15 , 714, 274-80

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23916728


Abstract
Quercetin is a natural flavonoid widely distributed in plants that acts as a neuroprotective agent and modulates the activity of different synaptic receptors and ion channels, including the ionotropic GABA receptors. GABA(Aρ₁) receptors were shown to be antagonized by quercetin, but the mechanisms underlying these antagonistic actions are still unknown. We have analyzed here if the antagonistic action produced by quercetin on GABA(Aρ₁) receptors was related to its redox activity or due to alternative mechanism/s. Homomeric GABA(Aρ₁) receptors were expressed in frog oocytes and GABA-evoked responses electrophysiologically recorded. Quercetin effects on GABA(Aρ₁) receptors were examined in the absence or presence of ascorbic acid. Chemical protection of cysteines by selective sulfhydryl reagents and site directed mutagenesis experiments were also used to determine ρ₁ subunit residues involved in quercetin actions. Quercetin antagonized GABA(Aρ₁) receptor responses in a dose-dependent, fast and reversible manner. Quercetin inhibition was prevented in the presence of ascorbic acid, but not by thiol reagents that modify the extracellular Cys-loop of these receptors. H141, an aminoacidic residue located near to the ρ₁ subunit GABA binding site, was involved in the allosteric modulation of GABA(Aρ₁) receptors by several agents including ascorbic acid. Quercetin similarly antagonized GABA-evoked responses mediated by mutant (H141D)GABA(Aρ₁) and wild-type receptors, but prevention exerted by ascorbic acid on quercetin effects was impaired in mutant receptors. Taken together the present results suggest that quercetin antagonistic actions on GABA(Aρ₁) receptors are mediated through a redox-independent allosteric mechanism.