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PubMed 23116879


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Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3



Title: Preliminary study on the association of AQP4 promoter polymorphism with anti-aquaporin-4 antibody positivity in southern Han Chinese patients with idiopathic demyelinating disorders of central nervous system.

Authors: Weihua Mai, Xueqiang Hu, Zhengqi Lu, Wei Qiu, Fuhua Peng, Yuge Wang

Journal, date & volume: J. Neuroimmunol., 2013 Feb 15 , 255, 75-80

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23116879


Abstract
To identify the association of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) promoter polymorphism with the presence of anti-aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-Ab) in Southern Han Chinese patients with idiopathic demyelinating disorders of central nervous system.Eighteen neuromyelitis optica (NMO), thirty-eight conventional MS (CMS), thirteen recurrent myelitis (RM), six recurrent optic neuritis (RON) patients and thirty-nine matched controls were enrolled. Polymorphisms of AQP4 promoters 0 and 1 were determined by sequencing-based typing.Fourteen polymorphism loci were observed in AQP4-promoter 0, while the six ones were observed in AQP4-promoter 1. Among them, the frequency of polymorphism at position -1003bp (A-G) of AQP4-promoter 0 in AQP4-Ab-positive patients was significantly higher than that in AQP4-Ab-negative patients and controls (former: 13/18 vs 20/45, P=0.046; latter: 13/18 vs 10/39, P=.001). The frequency of polymorphism at position between -401bp and -400bp (C inserted) of AQP4-promoter 1 in AQP4-Ab-positive and -negative patients was significantly higher than that in controls (former: 5/16 vs 0/28, P=0.008; latter: 8/38 vs 0/28, P=0.027).Polymorphism at position -1003bp (A-G) of AQP4-promoter 0 is associated with the presence of anti-AQP4 antibody. Genetic variation in AQP4 may account for the susceptibility to AQP4-Ab-positive NMO and NMO spectrum disorders in Southern Han Chinese population.