Channelpedia

PubMed 23179379


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kir1.1 , Kv7.1



Title: Downregulation of the renal outer medullary K(+) channel ROMK by the AMP-activated protein kinase.

Authors: Balasaheb Siraskar, Dan Yang Huang, Tatsiana Pakladok, Gulab Siraskar, Mentor Sopjani, Ioana Alesutan, Yulia Kucherenko, Ahmad Almilaji, Vasudharani Devanathan, Ekaterina Shumilina, Michael Föller, Carlos Munoz, Florian Lang

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2013 Feb , 465, 233-45

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23179379


Abstract
The 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated serine/threonine protein kinase (AMPK) is stimulated by energy depletion, increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) activity, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide. AMPK participates in the regulation of the epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC and the voltage-gated K(+) channel KCNE1/KCNQ1. It is partially effective by decreasing PIP(2) formation through the PI3K pathway. The present study explored whether AMPK regulates the renal outer medullary K(+) channel ROMK. To this end, cRNA encoding ROMK was injected into Xenopus oocytes with and without additional injection of constitutively active AMPK(γR70Q) (AMPK(α1)-HA+AMPK(β1)-Flag+AMPKγ1(R70Q)), or of inactive AMPK(αK45R) (AMPK(α1K45R)+AMPK(β1)-Flag+AMPK(γ1)-HA), and the current determined utilizing two-electrode voltage-clamp and single channel patch clamp. ROMK protein abundance was measured utilizing chemiluminescence in Xenopus oocytes and western blot in whole kidney tissue. Moreover, renal Na(+) and K(+) excretion were determined in AMPK(α1)-deficient mice (ampk ( -/- )) and wild-type mice (ampk ( +/+ )) prior to and following an acute K(+) load (111 mM KCl, 30 mM NaHCO(3), 4.7 mM NaCl, and 2.25 g/dl BSA) at a rate of 500 μl/h. As a result, coexpression of AMPK(γR70Q) but not of AMPK(αK45R) significantly decreased the current in ROMK1-expressing Xenopus oocytes. Injection of phosphatidylinositol PI((4,5))P(2) significantly increased the current in ROMK1-expressing Xenopus oocytes, an effect reversed in the presence of AMPK(γR70Q). Under control conditions, no significant differences between ampk ( -/- ) and ampk ( +/+ ) mice were observed in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urinary flow rate, serum aldosterone, plasma Na(+), and K(+) concentrations as well as absolute and fractional Na(+) and K(+) excretion. Following an acute K(+) load, GFR, urinary flow rate, serum aldosterone, plasma Na(+), and K(+) concentration were again similar in both genotypes, but renal absolute and fractional Na(+) and K(+) excretion were higher in ampk ( -/- ) than in ampk ( +/+ ) mice. According to micropuncture following a K(+) load, delivery of Na(+) to the early distal tubule but not delivery of K(+) to late proximal and early distal tubules was increased in ampk (-/-) mice. The upregulation of renal ROMK1 protein expression by acute K(+) load was more pronounced in ampk (-/-) than in ampk ( +/+ ) mice. In conclusion, AMPK downregulates ROMK, an effect compromising the ability of the kidney to excrete K(+) following an acute K(+) load.