PubMed 22538831

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.2 , Nav1.4 , Slo1

Title: Interaction of alfaxalone with the neuronal and the skeletal muscle sodium channel.

Authors: Nilufar Foadi, Igor Pilawski, Vanessa Buchholz, Jeanne de la Roche, Florian Wegner, Andreas Leffler, Jörg Ahrens, Sabine Kästner

Journal, date & volume: Pharmacology, 2012 , 89, 295-302

PubMed link:

The neurosteroid alfaxalone exerts potent anesthetic activity in humans and animals. In former studies on myelinated axons, alfaxalone was assumed to produce a local anesthetic-like effect on the peripheral nervous system. Therefore,the present in vitro study aimed to characterize possible modulatory actions of alfaxalone on voltage-gated sodium channels. -Subunits of voltage-gated neuronal (Nav1.2)and skeletal muscle (Nav1.4) sodium channels were stably expressed in human embryonic kidney cells, and in vitro effects of alfaxalone were compared with lidocaine by means of the patch clamp technique. Alfaxalone preferentially blocked slow inactivated channels and therefore could provide membrane-stabilizing effects in ischemic/hypoxic tissues where slow inactivation is regarded to play a crucial role.