PubMed 22451668

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: Two neonatal diabetes mutations on transmembrane helix 15 of SUR1 increase affinity for ATP and ADP at nucleotide binding domain 2.

Authors: David Ortiz, Peter Voyvodic, Lindsay Gossack, Ulrich Quast, Joseph Bryan

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2012 May 25 , 287, 17985-95

PubMed link:

K(ATP) channels, (SUR1/Kir6.2)(4) (sulfonylurea receptor type 1/potassium inward rectifier type 6.2) respond to the metabolic state of pancreatic β-cells, modulating membrane potential and insulin exocytosis. Mutations in both subunits cause neonatal diabetes by overactivating the pore. Hyperactive channels fail to close appropriately with increased glucose metabolism; thus, β-cell hyperpolarization limits insulin release. K(ATP) channels are inhibited by ATP binding to the Kir6.2 pore and stimulated, via an uncertain mechanism, by magnesium nucleotides at SUR1. Glibenclamide (GBC), a sulfonylurea, was used as a conformational probe to compare nucleotide action on wild type versus Q1178R and R1182Q SUR1 mutants. GBC binds with high affinity to aporeceptors, presumably in the inward facing ATP-binding cassette configuration; MgATP reduces binding affinity via a shift to the outward facing conformation. To determine nucleotide affinities under equilibrium, non-hydrolytic conditions, Mg(2+) was eliminated. A four-state equilibrium model describes the allosteric linkage. The K(D) for ATP(4-) is ~1 versus 12 mM, Q1178R versus wild type, respectively. The linkage constant is ~10, implying that outward facing conformations bind GBC with a lower affinity, 9-10 nM for Q1178R. Thus, nucleotides cannot completely inhibit GBC binding. Binding of channel openers is reported to require ATP hydrolysis, but diazoxide, a SUR1-selective agonist, concentration-dependently augments ATP(4-) action. An eight-state model describes linkage between diazoxide and ATP(4-) binding; diazoxide markedly increases the affinity of Q1178R for ATP(4-) and ATP(4-) augments diazoxide binding. NBD2, but not NBD1, has a higher affinity for ATP (and ADP) in mutant versus wild type (with or without Mg(2+)). Thus, the mutants spend more time in nucleotide-bound conformations, with reduced affinity for GBC, that activate the pore.