PubMed 21518270

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC

Title: The closing and opening of TRPC channels by Homer1 and STIM1.

Authors: J P Yuan, K P Lee, J H Hong, S Muallem

Journal, date & volume: Acta Physiol (Oxf), 2012 Feb , 204, 238-47

PubMed link:

Influx of Ca(2+) is a central component of the receptor-evoked Ca(2+) signal. A ubiquitous form of Ca(2+) influx comes from Ca(2+) channels that are activated in response to depletion of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores and are thus named the store-operated Ca(2+) -influx channels (SOCs). One form of SOC is the transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels. A major question in the field of Ca(2+) signalling is the molecular mechanism that regulates the opening and closing of these channels. All TRPC channels have a Homer-binding ligand and two conserved negative charges that interact with two terminal lysines of the stromal interacting molecule 1 (STIM1). The Homer and STIM1 sites are separated by only four amino acid residues. Based on available results, we propose a molecular mechanism by which Homer couples TRPC channels to IP(3) receptors (IP(3) Rs) to keep these channels in the closed state. Dissociation of the TRPCs-Homer-IP(3) Rs complex allows STIM1 access to the TRPC channels negative charges to gate open these channels.