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PubMed 22307641


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2



Title: Ca2+ signaling amplification by oligomerization of L-type Cav1.2 channels.

Authors: Rose E Dixon, Can Yuan, Edward P Cheng, Manuel F Navedo, Luis F Santana

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2012 Jan 31 , 109, 1749-54

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22307641


Abstract
Ca(2+) influx via L-type Ca(v)1.2 channels is essential for multiple physiological processes, including gene expression, excitability, and contraction. Amplification of the Ca(2+) signals produced by the opening of these channels is a hallmark of many intracellular signaling cascades, including excitation-contraction coupling in heart. Using optogenetic approaches, we discovered that Ca(v)1.2 channels form clusters of varied sizes in ventricular myocytes. Physical interaction between these channels via their C-tails renders them capable of coordinating their gating, thereby amplifying Ca(2+) influx and excitation-contraction coupling. Light-induced fusion of WT Ca(v)1.2 channels with Ca(v)1.2 channels carrying a gain-of-function mutation that causes arrhythmias and autism in humans with Timothy syndrome (Ca(v)1.2-TS) increased Ca(2+) currents, diastolic and systolic Ca(2+) levels, contractility and the frequency of arrhythmogenic Ca(2+) fluctuations in ventricular myocytes. Our data indicate that these changes in Ca(2+) signaling resulted from Ca(v)1.2-TS increasing the activity of adjoining WT Ca(v)1.2 channels. Collectively, these data support the concept that oligomerization of Ca(v)1.2 channels via their C termini can result in the amplification of Ca(2+) influx into excitable cells.