Channelpedia

PubMed 21549811


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC2 , ClvC4



Title: ClC-2 contributes to tonic inhibition mediated by α5 subunit-containing GABA(A) receptor in experimental temporal lobe epilepsy.

Authors: Y-X Ge, Y Liu, H-Y Tang, X-G Liu, X Wang

Journal, date & volume: Neuroscience, 2011 Jul 14 , 186, 120-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21549811


Abstract
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), characterized by spontaneous recurrent seizures, learning and memory impairments is associated with neurodegeneration, abnormal reorganization of the circuitry and loss of functional inhibition in hippocampus. In adult hippocampus, the GABAergic cells mediate the major inhibitory function of the principal neurons, promoting the Cl(-) entry through the GABA(A) receptor, whether through phasic (synaptic) or tonic (extrasynaptic) conductance. Aside from classical synaptic component, tonic GABAergic inhibition mediated by extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptor received increasing attention over the past years. There is growing evidence that tonic inhibition plays an important role in epilepsy, memory and cognition. Since GABA(A) receptor-mediated inhibition depends on the maintenance of intracellular Cl(-) concentration at low levels in mature neurons, a shift in E(cl) is likely to participate in the generation and not merely a consequence of TLE. As we know, chloride channel-2 (ClC-2) is a member of the supergene family of voltage-gated chloride channels, it constitutes part of the background conductance and is involved in chloride extrusion. Here we show that ClC-2 were upregulated functionally in CA1 pyramidal cells in pilocarpine-treated rats, and that an observed increase in ClC-2 currents in CA1 pyramidal cells was reversed by L655,708, a specific antagonist of α5 subunit-containing GABA(A) receptor.