Channelpedia

PubMed 21991340


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1



Title: Nucleotide discrimination with DNA immobilized in the MspA nanopore.

Authors: Elizabeth A Manrao, Ian M Derrington, Mikhail Pavlenok, Michael Niederweis, Jens H Gundlach

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2011 , 6, e25723

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21991340


Abstract
Nanopore sequencing has the potential to become a fast and low-cost DNA sequencing platform. An ionic current passing through a small pore would directly map the sequence of single stranded DNA (ssDNA) driven through the constriction. The pore protein, MspA, derived from Mycobacterium smegmatis, has a short and narrow channel constriction ideally suited for nanopore sequencing. To study MspA's ability to resolve nucleotides, we held ssDNA within the pore using a biotin-NeutrAvidin complex. We show that homopolymers of adenine, cytosine, thymine, and guanine in MspA exhibit much larger current differences than in α-hemolysin. Additionally, methylated cytosine is distinguishable from unmethylated cytosine. We establish that single nucleotide substitutions within homopolymer ssDNA can be detected when held in MspA's constriction. Using genomic single nucleotide polymorphisms, we demonstrate that single nucleotides within random DNA can be identified. Our results indicate that MspA has high signal-to-noise ratio and the single nucleotide sensitivity desired for nanopore sequencing devices.