Channelpedia

PubMed 15000521


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , Cav3.3



Title: Modulation and pharmacology of low voltage-activated ("T-Type") calcium channels.

Authors: Anne Marie R Yunker

Journal, date & volume: J. Bioenerg. Biomembr., 2003 Dec , 35, 577-98

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15000521


Abstract
Although T-type calcium channel currents were observed almost 30 years ago, the genes that encode the pore-forming subunits have only been recently reported. When expressed in heterologous systems, three distinct alpha1 subunits (alpha1G (Cav3.1), alpha1H (Car3.2), and alpha1I (Cav3.3)) conduct T-type currents with insert similar but not identical electrophysiological characteristics that. Alpha 1G, alpha 1H, and alpha 1I transcripts are found throughout neural and nonneural tissues, suggesting multiple types of T-type channels (also called low voltage-activated calcium channels (LVAs)) are coexpressed by many tissues. The study of endogenous LVAs has been hampered by a lack of highly selective antagonists that differentiate between LVA subtypes. Furthermore, many pharmacological agents attenuate currents conducted by LVA and high voltage-activated calcium channels (HVAs). At least 15 classes of pharmacological agents affect T-type currents, and the therapeutic use of many of these drugs has implicated LVAs in the etiology of a variety of diseases. Comparison of the responses of recombinant and native LVAs to pharmacological agents and endogenous modulatory molecules will lead to a better understanding of LVAs in normal and diseased cells.