PubMed 21466856

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3

Title: Molecular divergence of two orthologous scorpion toxins affecting potassium channels.

Authors: Bin Gao, Steve Peigneur, Julie Dalziel, Jan Tytgat, Shunyi Zhu

Journal, date & volume: Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol., 2011 Jul , 159, 313-21

PubMed link:

Alpha-KTxs are a diverse group of scorpion short-chain peptide toxins that affect animal potassium channels. We report the biochemical purification, gene cloning, and functional characterization of a new α-KTx named MeuTx3B, from venom of the scorpion Mesobuthus eupeus. MeuTx3B is an orthologue of BmTx3B/Martentoxin (α-KTx16 subfamily) from Mesobuthus martensii that differs by three amino acid substitutions. We found that despite their orthologous relationship, MeuTx3B and BmTx3B exhibit different post-transcriptional processing patterns due to nucleotide mutations in their untranslated regions (UTRs). Our results show that MeuTx3B also differs functionally from BmTx3B in that it lacks inhibitory activity on large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BK), implicating the amino acids of difference in conferring the inhibitory activity of BmTx3B. Furthermore, we show that MeuTx3B (2μM) partially inhibits human voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3. By using codon-substitution models, we detected signals of positive selection that could drive adaptive evolution of MeuTx3B and related toxins in the functional region associated with pharmacological diversification of toxins in the α-KTx 1 and 16 subfamilies.