PubMed 21540180

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv6.1

Title: Syntaxin-1A interacts with distinct domains within nucleotide-binding folds of sulfonylurea receptor 1 to inhibit beta-cell ATP-sensitive potassium channels.

Authors: Nathan Chang, Tao Liang, Xianguang Lin, Youhou Kang, Huanli Xie, Zhong-Ping Feng, Herbert Y Gaisano

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2011 Jul 1 , 286, 23308-18

PubMed link:

The ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel regulates pancreatic β-cell function by linking metabolic status to electrical activity. Syntaxin-1A (Syn-1A), a SNARE protein mediating exocytotic fusion, binds and inhibits the K(ATP) channel via the nucleotide-binding folds (NBFs) of its sulfonylurea receptor-1 (SUR1) regulatory subunit. In this study, we elucidated the precise regions within the NBFs required for Syn-1A-mediated K(ATP) inhibition, using in vitro binding assays, whole cell patch clamp and FRET assay. Specifically, NBF1 and NBF2 were each divided into three subregions, Walker A (W(A)), signature sequence linker, and Walker B (W(B)), to make GST fusion proteins. In vitro binding assays revealed that Syn-1A associates with W(A) and W(B) regions of both NBFs. Patch clamp recordings on INS-1 and primary rat β-cells showed that Syn-1A-mediated channel inhibition was reversed by co-addition of NBF1-W(B) (not NBF1-W(A)), NBF2-W(A), and NBF2-W(B). The findings were corroborated by FRET studies showing that these truncates disrupted Syn-1A interactions with full-length SUR1. To further identify the binding sites, series single-site mutations were made in the Walker motifs of the NBFs. Only NBF1-W(A) (K719M) or NBF2-W(A) (K1385M) mutant no longer bound to Syn-1A; K1385M failed to disrupt Syn-1A-mediated inhibition of K(ATP) channels. These data suggest that NBF1-W(A) (Lys-719) and NBF2-W(A) (Lys-1385) are critical for Syn-1A-K(ATP) channel interaction. Taken together, Syn-1A intimately and functionally associates with the SUR1-NBF1/2 dimer via direct interactions with W(A) motifs and sites adjacent to W(B) motifs of NBF1 and NBF2 but transduces its inhibitory actions on K(ATP) channel activity via some but not all of these NBF domains.