PubMed 21689632

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: Absence of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 3: effect on thymus and spleen in the fed and fasted mice.

Authors: Orlagh M Kelly, Richard K Porter

Journal, date & volume: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2011 Sep , 1807, 1064-74

PubMed link:

Mitochondrial uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) is constitutively expressed in mitochondria from thymus and spleen of mice, and confocal microscopy has been used to visualize UCP3 in situ in mouse thymocytes. UCP3 is present in mitochondria of thymus and spleen up to at least 16 weeks after birth, but levels decrease by a half in thymus and a fifth in spleen after three weeks, probably reflecting the suckling to weaning transition. UCP3 protein levels increase approximately 3-fold in thymus on starvation, but expression levels in spleen were unaffected by starvation. Lack of UCP3 had little effect on thymus mass or thymocyte number. However, lack of UCP3 affected spleen mass and splenocyte number (in the fasted state) and results in reduced CD4+ single positive cell numbers and reduced double negative cells in the thymus, but as a 2-fold increase in the proportion of CD4(+), CD8(+) and DP cells in spleen. Starvation attenuates these proportionate differences in the spleen. A lack of UCP3 had no apparent effect on basal oxygen consumption of thymocytes or splenocytes or on oxygen consumption due to mitochondrial proton leak. Splenocytes from UCP3 knock-out mice are also more resistant to apoptosis than those from wild-type mice. Overall we can conclude that UCP3 affects thymocyte and spleen cell profiles in the fed and fasted states.