Channelpedia

PubMed 21385601


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4 , Slo1



Title: A CLCN1 mutation in dominant myotonia congenita impairs the increment of chloride conductance during repetitive depolarization.

Authors: Akira Tsujino, Muneshige Kaibara, Hideki Hayashi, Hiroto Eguchi, Susumu Nakayama, Katsuya Sato, Taku Fukuda, Yohei Tateishi, Susumu Shirabe, Kohtaro Taniyama, Atsushi Kawakami

Journal, date & volume: Neurosci. Lett., 2011 Apr 25 , 494, 155-60

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21385601


Abstract
Myotonia congenita is caused by mutation of the CLCN1 gene, which encodes the human skeletal muscle chloride channel (ClC-1). The ClC-1 protein is a dimer comprised of two identical subunits each incorporating its own separate pore. However, the precise pathophysiological mechanism underlying the abnormal ClC-1 channel gating in some mutants is not fully understood. We characterized a ClC-1 mutation, Pro-480-Thr (P480T) identified in dominant myotonia congenita, by using whole-cell recording. P480T ClC-1 revealed significantly slowed activation kinetics and a slight depolarizing shift in the voltage-dependence of the channel gating. Wild-type/mutant heterodimers exhibited similar kinetic properties and voltage-dependency to mutant homodimers. Simulating myotonic discharge with the voltage clamp protocol of a 50 Hz train pulse, the increment of chloride conductance was impaired in both wild-type/mutant heterodimers and mutant homodimers, clearly indicating a dominant-negative effect. Our data showed that slow activation gating of P480T ClC-1 impaired the increment of chloride conductance during repetitive depolarization, thereby accentuating the chloride conductance reduction caused by a slight depolarizing shift in the voltage-dependence of the channel gating. This pathophysiology may explain the clinical features of myotonia congenita.