Channelpedia

PubMed 21290337


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1 , TRP , TRPC , TRPC6 , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: TRP channels and psychiatric disorders.

Authors: Loris A Chahl

Journal, date & volume: Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 2011 , 704, 987-1009

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21290337


Abstract
Depression and schizophrenia are major psychiatric disorders that cause much human suffering. Current treatments have major limitations and new drug targets are eagerly sought. Study of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in these disorders is at an early stage and the potential of agents that activate or inhibit these channels remains speculative. The findings that TRPC6 channels promote dendritic growth and are selectively activated by hyperforin, the key constitutent of St John's wort, suggest that TRPC6 channels might prove to be a new target for antidepressant drug development. There is now considerable evidence that TRPV1 antagonists have anxiolytic activity but there is no direct evidence that they have antidepressant activity. There is also no direct evidence that TRP channels play a role in schizophrenia. However, the findings that TRPC channels are involved in neuronal development and fundamental synaptic mechanisms, and that TRPV1 channels play a role in central dopaminergic and cannabinoid mechanisms is suggestive of potential roles of these channels in schizophrenia. Investigation of TRP channels in psychiatric disorders holds the promise of yielding further understanding of the aetiology of psychiatric disorders and the development of new drug treatments.