Channelpedia

PubMed 21411648


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1



Title: Thalamic T-type Ca²+ channels mediate frontal lobe dysfunctions caused by a hypoxia-like damage in the prefrontal cortex.

Authors: Jeongjin Kim, Jeonghoon Woo, Young-Gyun Park, Sujin Chae, Seonmi Jo, Jeong Woo Choi, Hong Young Jun, Young Il Yeom, Seong Hoon Park, Kyung Hwan Kim, Hee-Sup Shin, Daesoo Kim

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2011 Mar 16 , 31, 4063-73

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21411648


Abstract
Hypoxic damage to the prefrontal cortex (PFC) has been implicated in the frontal lobe dysfunction found in various neuropsychiatric disorders. The underlying subcortical mechanisms, however, have not been well explored. In this study, we induced a PFC-specific hypoxia-like damage by cobalt-wire implantation to demonstrate that the role of the mediodorsal thalamus (MD) is critical for the development of frontal lobe dysfunction, including frontal lobe-specific seizures and abnormal hyperactivity. Before the onset of these abnormalities, the cross talk between the MD and PFC nuclei at theta frequencies was enhanced. During the theta frequency interactions, burst spikes, known to depend on T-type Ca(2+) channels, were increased in MD neurons. In vivo knockout or knockdown of the T-type Ca(2+) channel gene (Ca(V)3.1) in the MD substantially reduced the theta frequency MD-PFC cross talk, frontal lobe-specific seizures, and locomotor hyperactivity in this model. These results suggest a two-step model of prefrontal dysfunction in which the response to a hypoxic lesion in the PFC results in abnormal thalamocortical feedback driven by thalamic T-type Ca(2+) channels, which, in turn, leads to the onset of neurological and behavioral abnormalities. This study provides valuable insights into preventing the development of neuropsychiatric disorders arising from irreversible PFC damage.