PubMed 21602277

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Slo1 , TRP , TRPM , TRPM2

Title: Zinc inactivates melastatin transient receptor potential 2 channels via the outer pore.

Authors: Wei Yang, Paul T Manna, Jie Zou, JianHong Luo, David J Beech, Asipu Sivaprasadarao, Lin-Hua Jiang

Journal, date & volume: , 2011 May 20 , ,

PubMed link:

Zinc ion (Zn(2+)) is an endogenous allosteric modulator that regulates the activity of a wide variety of ion channels in a reversible and concentration-dependent fashion. Here we used patch clamp recording to study the effects of Zn(2+) on the melastatin transient receptor potential 2 (TRPM2) channel. Zn(2+) inhibited the human (h) TRPM2 channel currents, and the steady-state inhibition was largely not reversed upon washout and concentration-independent in the range of 30-1000 μM, suggesting that Zn(2+) induces channel inactivation. Zn(2+) inactivated the channels fully when they conducted inward currents, but only by half when they passed outward currents, indicating profound influence of the permeant ion on Zn(2+) inactivation. Alanine substitution scanning mutagenesis of 20 Zn(2+)-interacting candidate residues in the outer pore region of the hTRPM2 channel showed that mutation of Lys(952) in the extracellular end of the fifth transmembrane segment and Asp(1002) in the large turret strongly attenuated or abolished Zn(2+) inactivation, and mutation of several other residues dramatically changed the inactivation kinetics. The mouse (m) TRPM2 channels were also inactivated by Zn(2+), but the kinetics were remarkably slower. Reciprocal mutation of His(995) in the hTRPM2 channel and the equivalent Gln(992) in the mTRPM2 channel completely swapped the kinetics, but no such opposing effects resulted from exchanging another pair of species-specific residues, Arg(961)/Ser(958). We conclude from these results that Zn(2+) inactivates the TRPM2 channels and that residues in the outer pore are critical determinants of the inactivation.