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PubMed 21115269


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Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kir6.2



Title: First successful application of preimplantation genetic diagnosis and haplotyping for congenital hyperinsulinism.

Authors: Wafa Qubbaj, Abdulrahman Al-Swaid, Saad Al-Hassan, Khalid Awartani, Hesham Deek, Serdar Coskun

Journal, date & volume: Reprod. Biomed. Online, 2011 Jan , 22, 72-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21115269


Abstract
Congenital hyperinsulinism is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycaemia in infancy. Early surgical intervention is usually required to prevent brain damage. The prevention of the transmission to the offspring is important in families carrying the mutated gene. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is an early genetic testing procedure for couples at risk of transmitting inherited diseases. A 36-year-old Saudi woman married to her first cousin with four affected children was referred for PGD. The hyperinsulinism disease was caused by a novel homozygous mutation in the KCNJ11 gene, an arginine 301 to proline (R301P) substitution.PGD was achieved by whole genome amplification followed by mutation detection combined with short tandem repeat identifier analysis in the first cycle and with haplotyping in the second cycle. The first and second cycles resulted in the births of healthy twin girls and a boy, respectively. As far as is known, this is the first application of PGD to hyperinsulinism. A feasible strategy including whole genome amplification followed by direct mutation detection combined with haplotyping is described.Utilizing haplotyping increases the efficiency of PGD diagnosis as well as confirming the genetic diagnosis. It reveals the parental origin of each inherited chromosome.