Channelpedia

PubMed 21111207


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK1 , Slo1



Title: Recruitment of masseter motoneurons by the presumed spindle Ia inputs.

Authors: Youngnam Kang, Mitsuru Saito, Hiroki Toyoda, Hajime Sato

Journal, date & volume: Prog. Brain Res., 2010 , 187, 163-71

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21111207


Abstract
The slow-closing phase of the mastication cycle plays a major role in the mastication of foods. However, the neuronal mechanism underlying the slow-closing phase remains unknown. The isometric contraction of jaw-closing muscles is developed through the recruitment of jaw-closing motoneurons during the slow-closing phase. It is well established that motor units are recruited depending on the order of sizes or input resistances (IRs) of motoneurons, which is known as the size principle. Two-pore-domain acid-sensitive K(+) (TASK1/3) channels are recently found to be the molecular correlates of the IR, and also found to be expressed in the masseter motoneurons. Here, we addressed the question whether spindle Ia inputs onto masseter motoneurons can induce the orderly recruitment of motoneurons in slice preparations of the rat brain using voltage-sensitive dye imaging and whole-cell patch-clamp methods. Voltage-sensitive dye imaging revealed the recruitment of many motoneurons in the whole nucleus of masseter in response to repetitive stimulation of the presumed spindle Ia inputs. Dual whole-cell recordings obtained from two adjacent motoneurons revealed the IR-ordered recruitment of motoneurons in response to repetitive stimulation of the presumed spindle Ia inputs. Thus, Ia inputs are likely to play a crucial role in the orderly recruitment of motoneurons of the trigeminal motor nucleus, which would be progressed during the slow-closing phase of the mastication cycle. Possible involvements of TASK channels in the orderly recruitment are discussed.