Channelpedia

PubMed 15569477


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5



Title: Effect of passive sensitization by serum from allergic asthmatic patients on the activity and expression of voltage-dependent delayed rectifier potassium channel in human bronchial smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Li-Min Zhao, Yong-Jian Xu, Zhen-Xiang Zhang, Wang Ni, Shi-Xin Chen

Journal, date & volume: Chin. Med. J., 2004 Nov , 117, 1630-6

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15569477


Abstract
Potassium (K+) channels are important in regulating cell membrane potential and excitability. Although bronchial myocytes from asthmatic rats show a significant reduction in voltage-dependent delayed rectifier potassium channel (Kv) current density and higher excitability, the activity and expression of Kv in human bronchial smooth muscle cells (HBSMCs) have never been studied. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of passive sensitization by asthmatic serum on the activity of Kv and the expression of Kv isoform Kv1.5 in HBSMCs.HBSMCs were randomly divided into two groups: control group (containing 10% serum from nonatopic individuals) and sensitized group (containing 10% asthmatic serum), then cultured for 24 hours. Whole-cell patch clamp, immunofluorescence staining, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot techniques were used to study the effect of passive sensitization on the activity of Kv and the expression of Kv1.5 in HBSMCs.The membrane potential in passively sensitized HBSMCs was significantly depolarized to -(26.7 +/- 5.2) mV compared with -(41.3 +/- 6.4) mV in the control group (P < 0.01). Passive sensitization caused a significant inhibition of Kv currents in HBSMCs, resulting in a downward shift in the current-voltage (I-V) relationship curve. At +50 mV, the peak Kv current density of passively sensitized HBSMCs was significantly decreased from (54.6 +/- 8.7) picoamperes per picofarad (pA/pF) to (32.1 +/- 7.1) pA/pF (P < 0.01). The expression level of Kv1.5 mRNA in passively sensitized HBSMCs was significantly lower than that in the control group (0.76 +/- 0.07 vs 1.04 +/- 0.13, P < 0.05). The expression of Kv1.5 protein of passively sensitized HBSMCs was also significantly reduced compared to that from the control group (984 +/- 168 vs 2200 +/- 380, P < 0.05).The activity and expression of Kv were all decreased in HBSMCs passively sensitized by asthmatic serum compared with nonsensitized cells. These changes might be involved in the mechanisms of formation and development of asthma.