PubMed 15591063

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1

Title: Maurocalcine and domain A of the II-III loop of the dihydropyridine receptor Cav 1.1 subunit share common binding sites on the skeletal ryanodine receptor.

Authors: Xavier Altafaj, Weijun Cheng, Eric Esteve, Julie Urbani, Didier Grunwald, Jean-Marc Sabatier, Roberto Coronado, Michel De Waard, Michel Ronjat

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2005 Feb 11 , 280, 4013-6

PubMed link:

Maurocalcine is a scorpion venom toxin of 33 residues that bears a striking resemblance to the domain A of the dihydropyridine voltage-dependent calcium channel type 1.1 (Cav1.1) subunit. This domain belongs to the II-III loop of Cav1.1, which is implicated in excitation-contraction coupling. Besides the structural homology, maurocalcine also modulates RyR1 channel activity in a manner akin to a synthetic peptide of domain A. Because of these similarities, we hypothesized that maurocalcine and domain A may bind onto an identical region(s) of RyR1. Using a set of RyR1 fragments, we demonstrate that peptide A and maurocalcine bind onto two discrete RyR1 regions: fragments 3 and 7 encompassing residues 1021-1631 and 3201-3661, respectively. The binding onto fragment 7 is of greater importance and was thus further investigated. We found that the amino acid region 3351-3507 of RyR1 (fragment 7.2) is sufficient for these interactions. Proof that peptide A and maurocalcine bind onto the same site is provided by competition experiments in which binding of fragment 7.2 to peptide A is inhibited by preincubation with maurocalcine. Moreover, when expressed in COS-7 cells, RyR1 carrying a deletion of fragment 7 shows a loss of interaction with both peptide A and maurocalcine. At the functional level, this deletion abolishes the maurocalcine induced stimulation of [3H]ryanodine binding onto microsomes of transfected COS-7 cells without affecting the caffeine and ATP responses.