Channelpedia

PubMed 15935214


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir7.1



Title: Inwardly rectifying and voltage-gated outward potassium channels exhibit low sensitivity to methylmercury.

Authors: Yukun Yuan, James K L Otero-Montañez, Aizhen Yao, Christina J Herden, Jay E Sirois, William D Atchison

Journal, date & volume: Neurotoxicology, 2005 Jun , 26, 439-54

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15935214


Abstract
The concentration- and time-dependence of effects of methylmercury (MeHg) on voltage-gated outward K(+) (Kv) channels, inwardly rectifying K(+) (Kir) channels, voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels and GABA(A) receptor activated channels were compared in cerebellar granule cells in culture using whole cell patch clamp recording techniques. The objective was to determine if MeHg equally affects different types of ion channels. Under similar experimental conditions, these four ion channel types displayed markedly different sensitivity to MeHg. At 0.1-1 microM, MeHg caused apparent inhibition of Ca(2+)-channel and GABA(A) receptor-mediated currents, but did not cause any significant effect on Kv or Kir channels. Among the four channel types examined, GABA(A) receptors appeared to be the most sensitive to MeHg. The Kv channels, particularly the delayed rectifiers (DRs), appeared to be relatively resistant to MeHg compared with GABA(A) receptors and Ca(2+) channels. Kir channels were virtually unaffected by MeHg in the concentration range of 10-100 microM. The differential sensitivity of GABA(A) receptors and Kv channels to MeHg was also observed in granule and Purkinje cells in freshly isolated cerebellar slices of rat. The insensitivity of Kir channel to MeHg was also seen in Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing cloned Kir7.1 channels. Thus, these appear to be general properties of these channels as opposed to distinct effects associated with granule cells in culture. These results suggest that MeHg does preferentially affect certain types of ion channels. Hence, the effects of MeHg on membrane ion channels are not due simply to nonspecific actions on the membrane. Furthermore, at least certain types of Kir channels appear to be the most resistant type of ion channel reported to date to effects of MeHg.