Channelpedia

PubMed 15716625


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1



Title: A Korean family of hypokalemic periodic paralysis with mutation in a voltage-gated calcium channel (R1239G).

Authors: June Bum Kim, Kyung Yil Lee, Jae Kyun Hur

Journal, date & volume: J. Korean Med. Sci., 2005 Feb , 20, 162-5

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15716625


Abstract
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HOPP) is a rare disease characterized by reversible attacks of muscle weakness accompanied by episodic hypokalemia. Recent molecular work has revealed that the majority of familial HOPP is due to mutations in a skeletal muscle voltage-dependent calcium-channel: the dihydropyridine receptor. We report a 13-yr old boy with HOPP from a family in which 6 members are affected in three generations. Genetic examination identified a nucleotide 3705 C to G mutation in exon 30 of the calcium channel gene, CACNA1S. This mutation predicts a codon change from arginine to glycine at the amino acid position #1239 (R1239G). Among the three known mutations of the CACNA1S gene, the R1239G mutation was rarely reported. This boy and the other family members who did not respond to acetazolamide, showed a marked improvement of the paralytic symptoms after spironolactone treatment.