PubMed 11596866

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1

Title: The involvement of GABA(A) receptors in the control of GnRH and beta-endorphin release, and catecholaminergic activity in the ventromedial-infundibular region of hypothalamus in anestrous ewes.

Authors: D Tomaszewska-Zaremba, F Przekop, K Mateusiak

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2001 Sep , 52, 489-500

PubMed link:

To examine the role of the GABA(A) receptor mediating systems in the control of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release from the ventromedial-infundibular region (VEN/IN) of anestrous ewes, the extracellular concentrations of GnRH, beta-endorphin, noradrenaline (NE), dopamine (DA), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenylglycol (MHPG) and 3,4-dihydroxy-phenylacetic acid (DOPAC) were quantified during local stimulation or blockade of GABA(A) receptors with muscimol or bicuculline respectively. In most animals stimulation of GABA(A) receptors significantly attenuates GnRH release with concomitant increase of beta-endorphin and DA release, and MHPG and DOPAC levels. Blockade of the GABA(A) receptors generally did not affect GnRH and NE release but inhibited in most animals beta-endorphin release and decreased dopaminergic activity. These results suggest, that GABA may suppress GnRH release directly by GABA(A) receptor mechanism on the axon terminal of GnRH neurons or indirectly by GABA(A) receptor processes activating beta-endorphin-ergic and dopaminergic neurons in the VEN/NI. On the basis of these results in could not be distinguish between these two events. The decrease in extracellular beta-endorphin and dopamine concentration without evident changes in the GnRH level during GABA(A) receptor blockade may suggest that other neuronal systems are involved in this effect.