PubMed 15912330

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Automatically associated channels: Kir1.1 , Kir6.2

Title: [Genetics of type 2 diabetes]

Authors: Y Böttcher, P Kovacs, A Tönjes, M Stumvoll

Journal, date & volume: , 2005 Jul , 46, 741-2, 744-6, 748-9

PubMed link:

In the last years type 2 diabetes has reached almost epidemic proportions. More than 170 million individuals are affected worldwide, about 6 million in Germany. Manifestation of type 2 diabetes is determined by both environmental factors such as lack of physical exercise and overeating and a genetic predisposition. Despite enormous efforts in medical research to identify susceptibility loci and high risk alleles, the genetics of common type 2 diabetes (non-MODY) remain unknown. To date, only a few susceptibility genes have been identified (such as PPARG, KCNJ11, CAPN10). However, replication of initial studies is often difficult. This can be explained by both locus and allelic heterogeneity as well as ethnic differences between different populations. Studies in genetically isolated populations such as the Pima Indians are advantageous to identify susceptibility alleles. Despite some recent advances, it is not possible to predict an individual's risk of type 2 diabetes based on the presence of a certain disease-risk allele.