Channelpedia

PubMed 16533847


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.2



Title: Environment of the gating charges in the Kv1.2 Shaker potassium channel.

Authors: Werner Treptow, Mounir Tarek

Journal, date & volume: Biophys. J., 2006 May 1 , 90, L64-6

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16533847


Abstract
Recently, the structure of the Shaker channel Kv1.2 has been determined at a 2.9-angstroms resolution. This opens new possibilities in deciphering the mechanism underlying the function of voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels. Molecular dynamics simulations of the channel, embedded in a membrane environment show that the channel is in its open state and that the gating charges carried by S4 are exposed to the solvent. The hydrated environment of S4 favors a local collapse of the electrostatic potential, which generates high electric-field gradients around the arginine gating charges. Comparison to experiments suggests furthermore that activation of the channel requires mainly a lateral displacement of S4. Overall, the results agree with the transporter model devised for Kv channels from electrophysiology experiments, and provide a possible pathway for the mechanistic response to membrane depolarization.