PubMed 12681012

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Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: Phenotypic comparison of two Scottish families with mutations in different genes causing autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy.

Authors: Ailsa Mclellan, Hilary A Phillips, Christopher Rittey, Martin Kirkpatrick, John C Mulley, David Goudie, John B P Stephenson, John Tolmie, Ingrid E Scheffer, Samuel F Berkovic, Sameer M Zuberi

Journal, date & volume: Epilepsia, 2003 Apr , 44, 613-7

PubMed link:

Mutations in genes coding for the alpha 4 and beta 2 subunits of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor receptor (CHRN) are known to cause autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE). Here we examined the phenotypes in two families, from the same ethnic and geographic backgrounds, with ADNFLE as a result of mutations in these two different subunits of CHRN.All affected family members underwent a detailed clinical evaluation and review of available EEG, neuroimaging, and videotapes of seizures. The molecular study of family D is reported here; family S has a previously reported mutation in the beta 2 subunit of CHRN.A total of 16 individuals with ADNFLE were identified in the two families. In both families, seizure semiology, age at seizure onset, and the natural history of the seizure disorder was similar. Intrafamilial variation in terms of severity of epilepsy syndrome was present in both families. A significant number of individuals from each family had a history of psychological problems. The molecular study of family D revealed a Ser248Phe mutation in the alpha 4 subunit of CHRN.The epilepsy phenotype is not distinguishable in the two families who have ADNFLE as a result of mutations in genes coding for different CHRN subunits. This is likely to be due to the similar functional consequences of each mutation on the CHRN receptor.