Channelpedia

PubMed 16604468


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: BkB1 , Slo1



Title: BKCa channels activating at resting potential without calcium in LNCaP prostate cancer cells.

Authors: G Gessner, K Schönherr, M Soom, A Hansel, M Asim, A Baniahmad, C Derst, T Hoshi, S H Heinemann

Journal, date & volume: J. Membr. Biol., 2005 Dec , 208, 229-40

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16604468


Abstract
Large-conductance Ca2+-dependent K+ (BK(Ca)) channels are activated by intracellular Ca2+ and membrane depolarization in an allosteric manner. We investigated the pharmacological and biophysical characteristics of a BK(Ca)-type K+ channel in androgen-dependent LNCaP (lymph node carcinoma of the prostate) cells with novel functional properties, here termed BK(L). K+ selectivity, high conductance, activation by Mg2+ or NS1619, and inhibition by paxilline and penitrem A largely resembled the properties of recombinant BK(Ca) channels. However, unlike conventional BK(Ca) channels, BK(L) channels activated in the absence of free cytosolic Ca2+ at physiological membrane potentials; the half-maximal activation voltage was shifted by about -100 mV compared with BK(Ca) channels. Half-maximal Ca2+-dependent activation was observed at 0.4 microM: for BK(L) (at -20 mV) and at 4.1 microM: for BK(Ca) channels (at +50 mV). Heterologous expression of hSlo1 in LNCaP cells increased the BK(L) conductance. Expression of hSlo-beta1 in LNCaP cells shifted voltage-dependent activation to values between that of BK(L) and BK(Ca) channels and reduced the slope of the P (open) (open probability)-voltage curve. We propose that LNCaP cells harbor a so far unknown type of BK(Ca) subunit, which is responsible for the BK(L) phenotype in a dominant manner. BK(L)-like channels are also expressed in the human breast cancer cell line T47D. In addition, functional expression of BK(L) in LNCaP cells is regulated by serum-derived factors, however not by androgens.