PubMed 14615028

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2 , Kv2.1

Title: Differential effects of aging on the distribution of calcium-binding proteins in a pretectal nucleus of the chicken brain.

Authors: Renato F Santana, Anton Reiner, Luiz R G Britto, Cláudio A B Toledo

Journal, date & volume: J. Chem. Neuroanat., 2003 Nov , 26, 195-208

PubMed link:

The nucleus pretectalis (PT) of birds is an ovoid-shaped visuomotor cell group of the pretectum that receives tectal input and projects back to the optic tectum. We performed immunohistochemical single- and double-labeling to determine the distribution and abundance of neurons containing three calcium-binding proteins, parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR), and calbindin (CB), in the PT in chickens at three ages. We found that PV-positive and CR-positive cells co-localize and are largely found in the outer part of PT at all ages. The GluR4 subunit of the AMPA-type glutamate receptor was selectively localized to these neurons. CB-positive neurons, however, were largely absent from the PT in young and adult chickens. The abundance of PV-positive and CR-positive neurons in PT in old birds was indistinguishable from that in the younger birds, but CB-positive perikarya were 10-20-fold more common than in young birds, and were again mainly found in the outer part of PT. The overall abundance of neurons in PT was reduced to about 50% of its former abundance in the old birds, with this loss restricted to the central part of the nucleus. These data indicate that a cell loss process develops in PT as birds age, that parvalbuminergic and calretinergic neurons resist this process, and that this process is associated with increased expression of CB.