Channelpedia

PubMed 21037231


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv12.1



Title: HYPOTONIC SWELLING-INDUCED ACTIVATION OF PKN1 MEDIATES CELL SURVIVAL IN CARDIAC MYOCYTES.

Authors: Katsuya Kajimoto, Dan Shao, Hiromitsu Takagi, Gregorio Maceri, Daniela Zablocki, Hideyuki Mukai, Yoshitaka Ono, Junichi Sadoshima

Journal, date & volume: , 2010 Oct 29 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21037231


Abstract
Hypotonic cell swelling in the myocardium is induced by pathological conditions, including ischemia-reperfusion, and affects the activities of ion transporters/channels and gene expression. However, the signaling mechanism activated by hypotonic stress (HS) is not fully understood in cardiac myocytes. A specialized protein kinase cascade, consisting of Pkc1 and MAPKs, is activated by HS in yeast. Here, we demonstrate that protein kinase N1 (PKN1), a serine/threonine protein kinase and a homolog of Pkc1, is activated by HS (67% osmolarity) within 5 min and reaches peak activity at 60 min in cardiac myocytes. Activation of PKN1 by HS was accompanied by Thr(774) phosphorylation and concomitant activation of PDK1, a potential upstream regulator of PKN1. HS also activated RhoA, thereby increasing interactions between PKN1 and RhoA. PP1 (10(-5) M), a selective Src family tyrosine kinase inhibitor, significantly suppressed HS-induced activation of RhoA and PKN1. Constitutively active PKN1 significantly increased the transcriptional activity of Elk1-GAL4, an effect that was inhibited by dominant negative MEK. Overexpression of PKN1 significantly increased ERK phosphorylation, whereas downregulation of PKN1 inhibited HS-induced ERK phosphorylation. Downregulation of PKN1 and inhibition of ERK by U-0126 both significantly inhibited the survival of cardiac myocytes in the presence of HS. These results suggest that a signaling cascade, consisting of Src, RhoA, PKN1, and ERK, is activated by HS, thereby promoting cardiac myocyte survival.