PubMed 20479109

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1 , Slo1

Title: Identification of a protein-protein interaction between KCNE1 and the activation gate machinery of KCNQ1.

Authors: Anatoli Lvov, Steven D Gage, Virla M Berrios, William R Kobertz

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 2010 Jun , 135, 607-18

PubMed link:

KCNQ1 channels assemble with KCNE1 transmembrane (TM) peptides to form voltage-gated K(+) channel complexes with slow activation gate opening. The cytoplasmic C-terminal domain that abuts the KCNE1 TM segment has been implicated in regulating KCNQ1 gating, yet its interaction with KCNQ1 has not been described. Here, we identified a protein-protein interaction between the KCNE1 C-terminal domain and the KCNQ1 S6 activation gate and S4-S5 linker. Using cysteine cross-linking, we biochemically screened over 300 cysteine pairs in the KCNQ1-KCNE1 complex and identified three residues in KCNQ1 (H363C, P369C, and I257C) that formed disulfide bonds with cysteine residues in the KCNE1 C-terminal domain. Statistical analysis of cross-link efficiency showed that H363C preferentially reacted with KCNE1 residues H73C, S74C, and D76C, whereas P369C showed preference for only D76C. Electrophysiological investigation of the mutant K(+) channel complexes revealed that the KCNQ1 residue, H363C, formed cross-links not only with KCNE1 subunits, but also with neighboring KCNQ1 subunits in the complex. Cross-link formation involving the H363C residue was state dependent, primarily occurring when the KCNQ1-KCNE1 complex was closed. Based on these biochemical and electrophysiological data, we generated a closed-state model of the KCNQ1-KCNE1 cytoplasmic region where these protein-protein interactions are poised to slow activation gate opening.