PubMed 20080402

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1 , Kir6.2 , Nav1.4

Title: Multi-minicore disease and atypical periodic paralysis associated with novel mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) gene.

Authors: Haiyan Zhou, Suzanne Lillis, Ryan E Loy, Farshid Ghassemi, Michael R Rose, Fiona Norwood, Kerry Mills, Safa Al-Sarraj, Russell J M Lane, Lucy Feng, Emma Matthews, Caroline A Sewry, Stephen Abbs, Stefan Buk, Michael Hanna, Susan Treves, Robert T Dirksen, Gerhard Meissner, Francesco Muntoni, Heinz Jungbluth

Journal, date & volume: Neuromuscul. Disord., 2010 Mar , 20, 166-73

PubMed link:

The skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor plays a crucial role in excitation-contraction (EC) coupling and is implicated in various congenital myopathies. The periodic paralyses are a heterogeneous, dominantly inherited group of conditions mainly associated with mutations in the SCN4A and the CACNA1S genes. The interaction between RyR1 and DHPR proteins underlies depolarization-induced Ca(2+) release during EC coupling in skeletal muscle. We report a 35-year-old woman presenting with signs and symptoms of a congenital myopathy at birth and repeated episodes of generalized, atypical normokalaemic paralysis in her late teens. Genetic studies of this patient revealed three heterozygous RYR1 substitutions (p.Arg2241X, p.Asp708Asn and p.Arg2939Lys) associated with marked reduction of the RyR1 protein and abnormal DHPR distribution. We conclude that RYR1 mutations may give rise to both myopathies and atypical periodic paralysis, and RYR1 mutations may underlie other unresolved cases of periodic paralysis with unusual features.