PubMed 20080850

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: The effects of acute triiodothyronine therapy on myocardial gene expression in brain stem dead cardiac donors.

Authors: Sally R James, Aaron M Ranasinghe, Rajamiyer Venkateswaran, Christopher J McCabe, Jayne A Franklyn, Robert S Bonser

Journal, date & volume: J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 2010 Mar , 95, 1338-43

PubMed link:

After brain stem death (BSD), a low T(3) state is common, and T(3) supplementation has been advocated to improve heart function and yield for transplantation.The aim of the study was to assess the effects of T(3) on expression of mRNAs encoding T(3)-responsive genes in the post-BSD human heart.Within a prospective double-blind trial, potential BSD cardiac donors undergoing hemodynamic optimization were randomized to T(3) (0.8 microg . kg(-1) bolus; infusion 0.113 microg . kg(-1) . h(-1)) or placebo (5% dextrose) for up to 6 h. Left ventricular biopsies were obtained at end-assessment from 30 donors (T(3); n=16). TaqMan real-time PCR was performed to investigate mRNA expression of the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.5, beta-1 adrenergic receptor (ADRB1), sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase type 2a (SERCA2a), and phospholamban (PLB).Time between diagnosis of BSD and donor management was 13.2 h (range, 9.7-16.8 h). T(3) donors were managed for 7.6 (6.9-8.3) h. Median serum free T(3) (fT3) at baseline was 2.9 (2.3-3.8) pmol . liter(-1) (reference range, 3.3-7.5 pmol . liter(-1)). At baseline, 19 of 30 (56.7%) had low serum fT3, and T(3) treatment increased fT3 to supraphysiological levels (P < 0.001). Expression of mRNAs encoding Kv1.5 and SERCA2a was increased 1.99-fold and 1.51-fold (P = 0.015 and 0.043). There was no significant change in the expression of mRNAs encoding ADRB1 and PLB. Treatment with T(3) did not improve hemodynamic function compared with placebo.Acute administration of T(3) in the BSD cardiac donor reverses the low T(3) state and increases expression of the mRNAs encoding Kv1.5 and SERCA2a, but not ADRB1 or PLB and is not associated with any improvement in hemodynamic performance.