Channelpedia

PubMed 16284070


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1



Title: Adenylate cyclase 5 and KCa1.1 channel are required for EGFR up-regulation of PCNA in native contractile rat basilar artery smooth muscle.

Authors: Alexander Ivanov, Volodymyr Gerzanich, Svetlana Ivanova, Ryan Denhaese, Orest Tsymbalyuk, J Marc Simard

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2006 Jan 1 , 570, 73-84

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16284070


Abstract
In synthetic phenotype vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), activation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) induces a sustained increase in intermediate conductance K(Ca) (int-K(Ca); K(Ca)3.1) channels that is essential for proliferation. However, a comparable mechanism has not been identified in native contractile phenotype VSMC, which express large conductance K(Ca) (maxi-K(Ca); K(Ca)1.1) channels, not int-K(Ca) channels. Using patch clamp of freshly isolated contractile VSMC from rat basilar artery, we found that EGF (100 ng ml(-1)) caused hyperpolarization (7.9 +/- 3.9 mV) due to activation of iberiotoxin-sensitive, maxi-K(Ca) channels. The EGFR ligands EGF (100 ng ml(-1)), transforming growth factor alpha (0.4 ng ml(-1)) and heparin-binding EGF (100 ng ml(-1)) all caused a 20% increase in maxi-K(Ca) channel current that was blocked by AG-1478 or by knock-down of EGFR expression using cisterna magna infusion of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (AS-ODN). In controls, EGFR knock-down, and EGFR gain-of-expression (angiotensin II hypertension), the increase in maxi-K(Ca) current correlated with the abundance of EGFR protein expressed. The EGFR-mediated increase in maxi-K(Ca) channel activity was blocked by inhibiting cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAK) using KT-5720 or Rp-cAMP, or by inhibiting adenylate cyclase type 5 (AC-5) using 2',5'-dideoxyadenosine or knock-down of AC-5 expression by intracisternal AS-ODN. Direct infusion of EGF into cisterna magna caused up-regulation of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in VSMC that was prevented by coinfusion of iberiotoxin or of AG-1478. Our data, which are consistent with the hypothesis that hyperpolarization is critical for a proliferative response, are the first to implicate AC-5 and maxi-K(Ca) channels in gene activation related to EGFR signalling in native contractile VSMC.