PubMed 17700726

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5

Title: The plateau outward current in canine ventricle, sensitive to 4-aminopyridine, is a constitutive contributor to ventricular repolarization.

Authors: A Sridhar, D N Q da Cunha, V A Lacombe, Q Zhou, J J Fox, R L Hamlin, C A Carnes

Journal, date & volume: Br. J. Pharmacol., 2007 Nov , 152, 870-9

PubMed link:

I(Kur) (Ultra-rapid delayed rectifier current) has microM sensitivity to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) and is an important modulator of the plateau amplitude and action potential duration in canine atria. Kv1.5 encodes I(Kur) and is present in both atria and ventricles in canines and humans. We hypothesized that a similar plateau outward current with microM sensitivity to 4-AP is present in canine ventricle.We used established voltage clamp protocols and used 4-AP (50 and 100 microM) to measure a plateau outward current in normal canine myocytes isolated from the left ventricular mid-myocardium.Action potential recordings in the presence of 4-AP showed significant prolongation of action potential duration at 50 and 90% repolarization at 0.5 and 1 Hz (P<0.05), while no prolongation occurred at 2 Hz. Voltage clamp experiments revealed a rapidly activating current, similar to current characteristics of canine atrial I(Kur), in approximately 70% of left ventricular myocytes. The IC(50) of 4-AP for this current was 24.2 microM. The concentration of 4-AP used in our experiments resulted in selective blockade of an outward current that was not I(to) or I(Kr). Beta-adrenergic stimulation with isoprenaline significantly increased the 4-AP sensitive outward current density (P<0.05), suggesting a role for this current during increased sympathetic stimulation. In silico incorporation into a canine ventricular cell model revealed selective AP prolongation after current blockade.Our results support the existence of a canine ventricular plateau outward current sensitive to micromolar 4-AP and its constitutive role in ventricular repolarization.