Channelpedia

PubMed 18480266


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir4.2



Title: The alpha9beta1 integrin enhances cell migration by polyamine-mediated modulation of an inward-rectifier potassium channel.

Authors: Gregory W deHart, Taihao Jin, Diane E McCloskey, Anthony E Pegg, Dean Sheppard

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2008 May 20 , 105, 7188-93

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18480266


Abstract
The alpha9beta1 integrin accelerates cell migration through binding of spermidine/spermine acetyltransferase (SSAT) to the alpha9 cytoplasmic domain. We now show that SSAT enhances alpha9-mediated migration specifically through catabolism of spermidine and/or spermine. Because spermine and spermidine are effective blockers of K(+) ion efflux through inward-rectifier K(+) (Kir) channels, we examined the involvement of Kir channels in this pathway. The Kir channel inhibitor, barium, or knockdown of a single subunit, Kir4.2, specifically inhibited alpha9-dependent cell migration. alpha9beta1 and Kir4.2 colocalized in focal adhesions at the leading edge of migrating cells and inhibition or knockdown of Kir4.2 caused reduced persistence and an increased number of lamellipodial extensions in cells migrating on an alpha9beta1 ligand. These results identify a pathway through which the alpha9 integrin subunit stimulates cell migration by localized polyamine catabolism and modulation of Kir channel function.