PubMed 17223993

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.1

Title: The alpha(1S) subunit of the L-type calcium channel is not a predisposition gene for thyrotoxic periodic paralysis.

Authors: Nelson L S Tang, C C Chow, Gary T C Ko, Morris H L Tai, Rachel Kwok, X Q Yao, Clive S Cockram

Journal, date & volume: Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf), 2007 Feb , 66, 229-34

PubMed link:

Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TTP) has been associated with genetic variations in the gene encoding the alpha 1 subunit of the L-type calcium channel (CACNA1S). Mutations in CACNA1S are known to account for the majority of cases of familial hypokalaemic periodic paralysis (HOKPP). In this study we have examined 48 genetic polymorphisms in the CACNA1S gene and genotyped a tagging set of representative polymorphisms to determine the role of this gene in TPP.A genetic association study was carried out with 98 TPP patients and 162 male thyrotoxic controls. Among 47 polymorphisms evaluated for linkage disequilibrium (LD) and the spectrum of haplotypes in the Chinese population, 31 were selected as tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for genotyping the whole sample. A new genotyping protocol was used to analyse an insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism.We studied the LD among 47 polymorphisms in the CACNA1S gene, which comprised a set of high-density markers with an average of one SNP every 2 kb. Subsequently, 31 tagSNPs were genotyped for all the samples. The gene is composed of three LD blocks. With this block structure, we were confident that variations of the gene were comprehensively covered by the tagSNPs. No significant association was found between the polymorphisms and TPP.We established the LD structure of this calcium channel subunit gene (CACNA1S) for the first time. However, its genetic variations are not associated with TPP in Chinese patients.