PubMed 19687230

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2

Title: Different pathways for activation and deactivation in CaV1.2: a minimal gating model.

Authors: Stanislav Beyl, Philipp Kügler, Michaela Kudrnac, Annette Hohaus, Steffen Hering, Eugen Timin

Journal, date & volume: J. Gen. Physiol., 2009 Sep , 134, 231-41; S1-2

PubMed link:

Point mutations in pore-lining S6 segments of CaV1.2 shift the voltage dependence of activation into the hyperpolarizing direction and significantly decelerate current activation and deactivation. Here, we analyze theses changes in channel gating in terms of a circular four-state model accounting for an activation R-A-O and a deactivation O-D-R pathway. Transitions between resting-closed (R) and activated-closed (A) states (rate constants x(V) and y(V)) and open (O) and deactivated-open (D) states (u(V) and w(V)) describe voltage-dependent sensor movements. Voltage-independent pore openings and closures during activation (A-O) and deactivation (D-R) are described by rate constants alpha and beta, and gamma and delta, respectively. Rate constants were determined for 16-channel constructs assuming that pore mutations in IIS6 do not affect the activating transition of the voltage-sensing machinery (x(V) and y(V)). Estimated model parameters of 15 CaV1.2 constructs well describe the activation and deactivation processes. Voltage dependence of the "pore-releasing" sensor movement ((x(V)) was much weaker than the voltage dependence of "pore-locking" sensor movement (y(V)). Our data suggest that changes in membrane voltage are more efficient in closing than in opening CaV1.2. The model failed to reproduce current kinetics of mutation A780P that was, however, accurately fitted with individually adjusted x(V) and y(V). We speculate that structural changes induced by a proline substitution in this position may disturb the voltage-sensing domain.