Channelpedia

PubMed 19562244


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , Slo1



Title: A voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx pathway regulates the Ca2+-dependent Cl(-) conductance of renal IMCD-3 cells.

Authors: John E Linley, Stefan H Boese, Nicholas L Simmons, Michael A Gray

Journal, date & volume: J. Membr. Biol., 2009 Jul , 230, 57-68

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19562244


Abstract
We have previously shown that the membrane conductance of mIMCD-3 cells at a holding potential of 0 mV is dominated by a Ca2+-dependent Cl(-) current (I(CLCA)). Here we report that I(CLCA) activity is also voltage dependent and that this dependence on voltage is linked to the opening of a novel Al3+-sensitive, voltage-dependent, Ca2+ influx pathway. Using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings at a physiological holding potential (-60 mV), ICLCA was found to be inactive and resting currents were predominantly K+ selective. However, membrane depolarization to 0 mV resulted in a slow, sigmoidal, activation of ICLCA (T(0.5) approximately 500 s), while repolarization in turn resulted in a monoexponential decay in I(CLCA) (T (0.5) approximately 100 s). The activation of I(CLCA) by depolarization was reduced by lowering extracellular Ca2+ and completely inhibited by buffering cytosolic Ca2+ with EGTA, suggesting a role for Ca2+ influx in the activation of I(CLCA). However, raising bulk cytosolic Ca2+ at -60 mV did not produce sustained I(CLCA) activity. Therefore I(CLCA) is dependent on both an increase in intracellular Ca2+ and depolarization to be active. We further show that membrane depolarization is coupled to opening of a Ca2+ influx pathway that displays equal permeability to Ca2+ and Ba2+ ions and that is blocked by extracellular Al3+ and La3+. Furthermore, Al3+ completely and reversibly inhibited depolarization-induced activation of ICLCA, thereby directly linking Ca2+ influx to activation of I(CLCA). We speculate that during sustained membrane depolarization, calcium influx activates ICLCA which functions to modulate NaCl transport across the apical membrane of IMCD cells.