PubMed 19136560

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4

Title: Unimpaired lysosomal acidification in respiratory epithelial cells in cystic fibrosis.

Authors: Peter M Haggie, A S Verkman

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2009 Mar 20 , 284, 7681-6

PubMed link:

The mechanisms remain uncertain by which mutations in CFTR cause lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). Teichgräber et al. recently reported increased ceramide in CF lungs, which was proposed to result from defective lysosomal acidification in airway epithelial cells and consequent impairment of pH-dependent ceramide-metabolizing enzymes (Teichgräber, V., Ulrich, M., Endlich, N., Reithmüller, J., Wilker, B., Conceição Ce Olivereira-Munding, C., van Heeckeren, A. M., Barr, M. L., von Kürthy, G., Schmid, K. W., Weller, M., Tümmler, B., Lang, F., Grassme, H., Döring, G., and Gulbins, E. (2008) Nat. Med. 14, 382-391). Here, we measured lysosomal pH in several CFTR-expressing and -deficient cell lines, freshly isolated airway epithelial cells from non-CF and CF mice and humans, and well-differentiated primary cultures of human non-CF and CF airway epithelial cells. Lysosomal pH was measured by ratio imaging using a fluorescent pH indicator consisting of 40-kDa dextran conjugated to Oregon Green 488 and tetramethylrhodamine. In all cell types, lysosomal pH was approximately 4.5, unaffected by the thiazolidinone CFTR inhibitor CFTR(inh)-172, and increased to approximately 6.5 following bafilomycin inhibition of the vacuolar proton pump. Lysosomal pH did not differ significantly in airway epithelial cells from non-CF versus CF humans or mice. Our results provide direct evidence against the conclusions of Teichgräber et al. that lysosomal acidification is CFTR-dependent, impaired in CF, or responsible for ceramide accumulation. As such, alternative mechanisms are needed to explain increased ceramide in CF airways. Non-CFTR mechanisms, such as ClC-type chloride channels, are likely involved in maintaining electroneutrality during organellar acidification.