Channelpedia

PubMed 17982915


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.2 , Kv1.5



Title: Molecular basis of dysfunctional Kv channels in small coronary artery smooth muscle cells of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Authors: Qiang Chai, Xiaoqun Xu, Qing Jia, Qiang Dong, Zhixiang Liu, Weidong Zhang, Lianbi Chen

Journal, date & volume: , 2007 Aug 31 , 50, 171-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17982915


Abstract
We have previously shown that diabetes impaired cAMP-mediated endothelium independent vasodilation of rat small coronary arteries. Inhibition of Kv channel activity plays an important role in the decrease of cAMP mediated vasodilation. The present study investigated the effect of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes on mRNA and protein expressions of Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 channels in vascular smooth muscle cells of rat small coronary artery using RT-PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry methods. STZ-induced diabetes obviously impaired mRNA expression of Kv1.2 and Kv1.5 channel. The mRNA levels of Kv1.2 channel were 0.65 +/- 0.08 and 1.02 +/- 0.17 in STZ rats and control rats, respectively (n = 7, P < 0.05). Whereas the levels of Kv1.5 channel were 0.58 +/- 0.05 and 0.94 +/- 0.13 in STZ rats and control rats, respectively (n = 7, P < 0.05). Western blotting analysis showed that protein expression of Kv1.2 channel was decreased significantly but not Kv1.5 channel. Protein expressions of Kv1.2 channel were 0.49 +/- 0.04 and 0.70 +/- 0.06 in STZ rats and control rats, respectively (n = 5, P < 0.05), but those of Kv1.5 channel were 0.61 +/- 0.12 and 0.59 +/- 0.14 in STZ rats and control rats, respectively (n = 5, P > 0.05). Immunohistochemistry identification indicated that immunological reaction of Kv1.2 channel protein was attenuated, but Kv1.5 channel protein was not altered. Positive staining intensity normalized by gray values of Kv1.2 channel were 173 +/- 13 and 131 +/- 11 in STZ rats and control rats, respectively (n = 5, P < 0.05), but those of Kv1.5 channel were 139 +/- 16 and 141 +/- 12 in STZ rats and control rats, respectively (n = 5, P > 0.05). These results suggested that impairment of cAMP-mediated endothelium independent vasodilation of rat small coronary artery by STZ-induced diabetes was resulted from decrease of mRNA and protein expressions of Kv channels, and which eventually leads to a reduced current from Kv channels.