Channelpedia

PubMed 18332850


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.1



Title: K(ATP) channel expression and pharmacological in vivo and in vitro studies of the K(ATP) channel blocker PNU-37883A in rat middle meningeal arteries.

Authors: K B Ploug, L J Boni, M Baun, A Hay-Schmidt, J Olesen, I Jansen-Olesen

Journal, date & volume: Br. J. Pharmacol., 2008 May , 154, 72-81

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18332850


Abstract
Dilatation of cerebral and dural arteries causes a throbbing, migraine-like pain, indicating that these structures are involved in migraine. Clinical trials suggest that adenosine 5'-triphosphate-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channel opening may cause migraine by dilatating intracranial arteries, including the middle meningeal artery (MMA). We studied the K(ATP) channel expression profile in rat MMA and examined the potential inhibitory effects of the K(ATP) channel blocker PNU-37883A on K(ATP) channel opener-induced relaxation of the rat MMA, using the three K(ATP) channel openers levcromakalim, pinacidil and P-1075.mRNA and protein expression of K(ATP) channel subunits in the rat MMA were studied by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively. The in vivo and in vitro effects of the K(ATP) channel drugs on rat MMA were studied in the genuine closed cranial window model and in myograph baths, respectively.Expression studies indicate that inwardly rectifying K(+) (Kir)6.1/sulphonylurea receptor (SUR)2B is the major K(ATP) channel complex in rat MMA. PNU-37883A (0.5 mg kg(-1)) significantly inhibited the in vivo dilatory effect of levcromakalim (0.025 mg kg(-1)), pinacidil (0.38 mg kg(-1)) and P-1075 (0.016 mg kg(-1)) in rat MMA. In vitro PNU-37883A significantly inhibited the dilatory responses of the three K(ATP) channel openers in rat MMA at 10(-7) and 3 x 10(-7) M.We suggest that Kir6.1/SUR2B is the major functional K(ATP) channel complex in the rat MMA. Furthermore, we demonstrate the potent in vivo and in vitro blocking potentials of PNU-37883A on K(ATP) channel opener-induced relaxation of the rat MMA.