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Separation of M-like current and ERG current in NG108-15 cells.

H Meves, J R Schwarz, I Wulfsen

Br. J. Pharmacol., 1999 Jul , 127, 1213-23

Differentiated NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells were whole-cell voltage-clamped. Hyperpolarizing pulses, superimposed on a depolarized holding potential (-30 or -20 mV), elicited deactivation currents which consisted of two components, distinguishable by fitting with two exponential functions. Linopirdine [DuP 996, 3,3-bis(4-pyridinylmethyl)-1-phenylindolin-2-one), a neurotransmitter-release enhancer known as potent and selective blocker of the M-current of rat sympathetic neurons, in concentrations of 5 or 10 microM selectively inhibited the fast component (IC50 = 14.7 microM). The slow component was less sensitive to linopirdine (IC50>20 microM). The class III antiarrhythmics [(4-methylsulphonyl)amido]benzenesulphonamide (WAY-123.398) and 1-[2-(6-methyl-2-pyrydinil)ethyl]-4-(4-methylsulphonylaminobenz oyl) piperidine (E-4031), selective inhibitors of the inwardly rectifying ERG (ether-à-go-go-related gene) potassium channel, inhibited predominantly the slow component (IC50 = 38 nM for E-4031). The time constant of the WAY-123.398-sensitive current resembled the time constant of the slow component in size and voltage dependence. Inwardly rectifying ERG currents, recorded in K+ -rich bath at strongly negative pulse potentials, resembled the slow component of the deactivation current in their low sensitivity to linopirdine (28% inhibition at 50 microM). The size of the slow component varied greatly between cells. Accordingly, varied the effect of WAY-123.398 on deactivation current and holding current. RNA transcripts for the following members of the ether-à-go-go gene (EAG) K+ channel family were found in differentiated NG108-15 cells: ERG1, ERG2, EAGI, EAG-like (ELK)1, ELK2; ERG3 was only present in non-differentiated cells. In addition, RNA transcripts for KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 were found in differentiated and non-differentiated cells. We conclude that the fast component of the deactivation current is M-like current and the slow component is deactivating ERG current. The molecular correlates are probably KCNQ2/KCNQ3 and ERG1/ERG2, respectively.