PubMed 10664458

Title: beta subunit heterogeneity of L-type Ca(2+) channels in smooth muscle tissues.

Authors: D Reimer, I G Huber, M L Garcia, H Haase, J Striessnig

Journal, date & volume: FEBS Lett., 2000 Feb 4 , 467, 65-9

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Various beta subunit isoforms stabilize different gating properties of voltage-gated L-type Ca(2+) channels. We therefore investigated the expression of Ca(2+) channel beta subunit isoforms in different smooth muscle types on the protein level by immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation employing beta subunit-selective sequence-directed antibodies. From the four known beta subunit isoforms only beta2 and beta3 were detected in porcine uterus, bovine trachea and bovine aorta membranes. Multiple immunoreactive beta2 bands were detected in a tissue-selective manner indicating structural heterogeneity of beta2. Immunoprecipitation of (+)-[(3)H]isradipine-prelabeled channels revealed that beta2 and beta3 participate in Ca(2+) channel formation in uterus and trachea, and beta3 in aortic smooth muscle. We conclude that beta2 and beta3 subunits form L-type Ca(2+) channels in smooth muscle tissues. This subunit heterogeneity may be important to fine-tune channel function.