PubMed 9890976

Title: Complexes of the alpha1C and beta subunits generate the necessary signal for membrane targeting of class C L-type calcium channels.

Authors: T Gao, A J Chien, M M Hosey

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 1999 Jan 22 , 274, 2137-44

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In the present study, we investigated the role of channel subunits in the membrane targeting of voltage-dependent L-type calcium channel complexes. We co-expressed the calcium channel pore-forming alpha1C subunit with different accessory beta subunits in HEK-tsA201 cells and examined the subcellular localization of the channel subunits by immunohistochemistry using confocal microscopy and whole-cell radioligand binding studies. While the pore-forming alpha1C subunit exhibited perinuclear staining when expressed alone, and several of the wild-type and mutant beta subunits also exhibited intracellular staining, co-expression of the alpha1C subunit with either the wild-type beta2a subunit, a palmitoylation-deficient beta2a(C3S/C4S) mutant or three other nonpalmitoylated beta isoforms (beta1b, beta3, and beta4 subunits) resulted in the redistribution of both the alpha1C and beta subunits into clusters along the cell surface. Furthermore, the redistribution of calcium channel complexes to the plasma membrane was observed when alpha1C was co-expressed with an N- and C-terminal truncated mutant beta2a containing only the central conserved regions. However, when the alpha1C subunit was co-expressed with an alpha1 beta interaction-deficient mutant, beta2aBID-, we did not observe formation of the channels at the plasma membrane. In addition, an Src homology 3 motif mutant of beta2a that was unable to interact with the alpha1C subunit also failed to target channel complexes to the plasma membrane. Interestingly, co-expression of the pore-forming alpha1C subunit with the largely peripheral accessory alpha2 delta subunit was ineffective in recruiting alpha1C to the plasma membrane, while co-distribution of all three subunits was observed when beta2a was co-expressed with the alpha1C and alpha2 delta subunits. Taken together, our results suggested that the signal necessary for correct plasma membrane targeting of the class C L-type calcium channel complexes is generated as a result of a functional interaction between the alpha1 and beta subunits.