PubMed 20943905

Title: Interdependent roles for accessory KChIP2, KChIP3, and KChIP4 subunits in the generation of Kv4-encoded IA channels in cortical pyramidal neurons.

Authors: Aaron J Norris, Nicholas C Foeger, Jeanne M Nerbonne

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2010 Oct 13 , 30, 13644-55

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The rapidly activating and inactivating voltage-dependent outward K(+) (Kv) current, I(A), is widely expressed in central and peripheral neurons. I(A) has long been recognized to play important roles in determining neuronal firing properties and regulating neuronal excitability. Previous work demonstrated that Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 α-subunits are the primary determinants of I(A) in mouse cortical pyramidal neurons. Accumulating evidence indicates that native neuronal Kv4 channels function in macromolecular protein complexes that contain accessory subunits and other regulatory molecules. The K(+) channel interacting proteins (KChIPs) are among the identified Kv4 channel accessory subunits and are thought to be important for the formation and functioning of neuronal Kv4 channel complexes. Molecular genetic, biochemical, and electrophysiological approaches were exploited in the experiments described here to examine directly the roles of KChIPs in the generation of functional Kv4-encoded I(A) channels. These combined experiments revealed that KChIP2, KChIP3, and KChIP4 are robustly expressed in adult mouse posterior (visual) cortex and that all three proteins coimmunoprecipitate with Kv4.2. In addition, in cortical pyramidal neurons from mice lacking KChIP3 (KChIP3(-/-)), mean I(A) densities were reduced modestly, whereas in mean I(A) densities in KChIP2(-/-) and WT neurons were not significantly different. Interestingly, in both KChIP3(-/-) and KChIP2(-/-) cortices, the expression levels of the other KChIPs (KChIP2 and 4 or KChIP3 and 4, respectively) were increased. In neurons expressing constructs to mediate simultaneous RNA interference-induced reductions in the expression of KChIP2, 3, and 4, I(A) densities were markedly reduced and Kv current remodeling was evident.